Gold and platinum are two most commonly used metals for engagement rings. Although well-known metals, it can be difficult to differentiate platinum and white gold. Is there any way you can tell the difference? This post brings you important info about platinum vs. white gold and differences between three types of gold. Scroll down!
White gold and platinum: differences
Platinum and white gold look identical and it would be impossible for an average customer to tell the difference based on their appearance only. The primary point of difference between these two metals is in composition and price.
Platinum is more expensive this common type of gold material. Just by looking at the price tag of both types of jewelry you can tell what’s platinum and what is white gold.
Let’s say a diamond right with white gold setting comes at a price of $3000. The identical ring made of platinum would cost $4000 or even more. Here is the perfect example, this white gold ring has 44% lower price than the same ring in platinum.
In terms of composition, platinum has a greater level of purity in jewelry. About 95-98% of platinum is found in some jewelry piece while remaining percentages account for silver and rhodium.
White gold jewelry setting is made of a combination of gold and metals like zinc, copper, nickel, and rhodium plating. The reason why gold is mixed with these metals is that it is quite soft on its own.
The amount of pure gold depends on the karatage:
- 24 Karat: 99.9% pure gold
- 22 Karat: 91.7%
- 18 Karat: 75%
- 14 Karat: 58.3%
Additionally, platinum has more strength and durability compared to gold and it is also the heaviest, densest, and most precious metal.
platinum jewelry tends to scratch more easily than 18 karat or 14 karat gold. That’s why maintenance of platinum is costly. To retain smooth appearance, platinum has to be cleaned and polished regularly. Although white gold needs some polishing and re-plating as well, you don’t have to do it as frequently as with platinum.
- Not as common as gold, i.e. it’s rare and special
- Symbol of prestige
- Heavier and more durable than white gold
- Ideal for rosy and fair skin tones
- More expensive compared to its main rival white gold
- Becomes dull and scratched after some time
- Polishing and cleaning required every few years
Differences between three types of gold
Three types of gold are available: white, rose, and yellow gold. There is no specific rule to what type of gold to choose, i.e. it’s all about your personal preferences.
White gold is a combination of white metals like palladium, silver, nickel and pure gold typically featuring rhodium coating.
- More popular than yellow gold now
- More durable
- Fits white diamonds way better than yellow gold
- Perfect for rosy and fair skin tones
- To retain its luster and color it is necessary to get it dipped every few years
- Nickel can induce allergies in some people
Yellow gold is a combination of gold and metals like copper and zinc.
- Most hypoallergenic
- The most popular metal for wedding bands
- In the purest form compared to other gold colors
- Easy to maintain
- Ideal for darker and olive skin tones
- Perfect fit with low-grade diamonds
- Requires regular polishing and cleaning
- Prone to scratches and indentations
Rose gold is a combination of pure gold copper. The goal of copper here is to ensure the distinctive rose color. Gold becomes redder or rosier with greater amounts of copper.
- In style
- Suitable for all skin complexions and tones
- May induce allergic reaction
- Not as available as other types of gold, despite its popularity
Although you can’t tell them apart based on appearance, the price says it all – platinum is more expensive than the different type of gold. Also, platinum is more durable due to the amazing strength of the metal. It’s always useful to consult experts if you can’t decide whether you should opt for platinum or white gold, or some other type of gold.